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Eminent Psychologists
The 100 Most Eminent Psychologists of the 20th Century and Presidents of the American Psychological Association

AssessmentPsychology.com > Assessment > Psychological Tests > Test Developers > 100 Psychologists

 

The 100 Most Eminent Psychologists of the 20th Century
Review of General Psychology. 2002, Vol. 6, No. 2, 139–152

Steven J. Haggbloom (Western Kentucky University)
Renee Warnick, Jason E. Warnick, Vinessa K. Jones, Gary L. Yarbrough,
 Tenea M. Russell, Chris M. Borecky, Reagan McGahhey, John L. Powell III,
 Jamie Beavers, and Emmanuelle Monte (Arkansas State University)

A rank-ordered list was constructed that reports the first 99 of the 100 most eminent psychologists of the 20th century. Eminence was measured by scores on 3 quantitative variables and 3 qualitative variables. The quantitative variables were journal citation frequency, introductory psychology textbook citation frequency, and survey response frequency. The qualitative variables were National Academy of Sciences membership, election as American Psychological Association (APA) president or receipt of the APA Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award, and surname used as an eponym. The qualitative variables were quantified and combined with the other 3 quantitative variables to produce a composite score that was then used to construct a rank-ordered list of the most eminent psychologists of the 20th century. Article in the Monitor
1. B.F. Skinner

2. Jean Piaget

3. Sigmund Freud

4. Albert Bandura

5. Leon Festinger

6. Carl R. Rogers

7. Stanley Schachter

8. Neal E. Miller

9. Edward Thorndike

10. A. H. Maslow

11. Gordon W. Allport

12. Erik H. Erikson

13. Hans J. Eysenck

14. William James

15. David C. McClelland

16. Raymond B. Cattell

17. John B. Watson

18. Kurt Lewin

19. Donald O. Hebb

20. George A. Miller

21. Clark L. Hull

22. Jerome Kagan

23. Carl G. Jung

24. Ivan P. Pavlov

25. Walter Mischel

26. Harry F. Harlow

27. J. P. Guilford

28. Jerome S. Bruner

29. Ernest R. Hilgard

30. Lawrence Kohlberg

31. Martin E.P. Seligman

32. Ulric Neisser

33. Donald T. Campbell

34. Roger Brown

35. R. B. Zajonc

36. Endel Tulving

37. Herbert A. Simon

38. Noam Chomsky

39. Edward E. Jones

40. Charles E. Osgood

41. Solomon E. Asch

42. Gordon H. Bower

43. Harold H. Kelley

44. Roger W. Sperry

45. Edward C. Tolman

46. Stanley Milgram

47. Arthur R. Jensen

48. Lee J. Cronbach

49. John Bowlby

50. Wolfgang Köhler

51. David Wechsler

52. S. S. Stevens

53. Joseph Wolpe

54. D. E. Broadbent

55. Roger N. Shepard

56. Michael I. Posner

57. Theodore M. Newcomb

58. Elizabeth F. Loftus

59. Paul Ekman

60. Robert J. Sternberg

61. Karl S. Lashley

62. Kenneth Spence

63. Morton Deutsch

64. Julian B. Rotter

65. Konrad Lorenz

66. Benton Underwood

67. Alfred Adler

68. Michael Rutter

69. Alexander R. Luria

70. Eleanor E. Maccoby

71. Robert Plomin

72.5.* G. Stanley Hall

72.5. Lewis M. Terman

74.5.* Eleanor J. Gibson

74.5. Paul E. Meehl

76. Leonard Berkowitz

77. William K. Estes

78. Eliot Aronson

79. Irving L. Janis

80. Richard S. Lazarus

81. W. Gary Cannon

82. Allen L. Edwards

83. Lev Semenovich Vygotsky

84. Robert Rosenthal

85. Milton Rokeach

88.5.* John Garcia

88.5. James J. Gibson

88.5. David Rumelhart

88.5. L. L. Thurston

88.5. Margaret Washburn

88.5. Robert Woodworth

93.5.* Edwin G. Boring

93.5. John Dewey

93.5. Amos Tversky

93.5. Wilhelm Wundt

96. Herman A. Witkin

97. Mary D. Ainsworth

98. Orval Hobart Mowrer

99. Anna Freud

*Numbers with .5 indicate a tie in the ranking. In these cases, the mean is listed.


Presidents
American Psychological Association

Former APA Presidents 

2012 Suzanne Bennett Johnson, PhD
2011 Melba J. T. Vasquez, PhD
2010 Carol D. Goodheart, EdD
2009 James H. Bray, PhD
2008 Alan E. Kazdin, PhD
2007 Sharon Stephens Brehm, PhD
2006 Gerald P. Koocher, PhD
2005 Ronald L. Levant, EdD, MBA, ABPP
2004 Diane F. Halpern, PhD
2003 Robert J. Sternberg, PhD
2002 Philip G. Zimbardo, PhD
2001 Norine G. Johnson, PhD
2000 Patrick H. Deleon, PhD, MPH, JD
1999 Richard M. Suinn, PhD
1998 Martin E. P. Seligman, PhD
1997 Norman Abeles. PhD
1996 Dorothy W. Cantor, PsyD
1995 Robert J. Resnick, PhD, ABPP
1994 Ronald E. Fox, PhD
1993 Frank Farley, PhD
1992 Jack Wiggins, Jr., PhD
1991 Charles Spielberger, PhD
1990 Stanley Graham, PhD
1989 Joseph D. Matarazzo, PhD
1988 Raymond D. Fowler, PhD, ABPP
1987 Bonnie R. Strickland, PhD
1986 Logan Wright, PhD
1985 Robert Perloff, PhD
1984 Janet T. Spence, PhD
1983 Max Siegal, PhD
1982 William Bevan, PhD
1981 John J. Conger, PhD
1980 Florence L. Denmark, PhD
1979 Nicholas A. Cummings, PhD
1978 M. Brewster Smith, PhD
1977 Theodore Blau, PhD
1976 Wilbert J. Mckeachie, PhD
1975 Donald T. Campbell, PhD
1974 Albert Bandura, PhD
1973 Leona E. Tyler, PhD
1972 Anne Anastasi, PhD
1971 Kenneth B. Clark, PhD
1970 George W. Albee, PhD
1969 George A. Miller, PhD
1968 A. H. Maslow, PhD
1967 Gardner Lindzey, PhD
1966 Nicholas Hobbs, PhD
1965 Jerome Bruner, PhD
1964 Quinn McNemar, PhD
1963 Charles E. Osgood, PhD
1962 Paul E. Meehl, PhD
1961 Neal E. Miller, PhD
1960 Donald O. Hebb, PhD
1959 W. Kohler, PhD
1958 H. F. Harlow, PhD
1957 Lee J. Cronbach, PhD
1956 Theodore M. Newcombe, PhD
1955 E. Lowell Kelly, PhD
1954 O. H. Mowrer, PhD
1953 Laurence Frederic Shaffer, PhD
1952 Joseph McVicker Hunt, PhD
1951 Robert R. Sears, PhD
1950 Joy Paul Guilford, PhD
1949 Ernest R. Hilgard, PhD
1948 Donald G. Marquis, PhD
1947 Carl R. Rogers, PhD
1946 Henry E. Garrett, PhD
1945 Edwin R. Guthrie, PhD
1944 Garder Murphy, PhD
1943 John Edward Anderson, PhD
1942 Calvin Perry Stone, PhD
1941 Herbert Woodrow, PhD
1940 Leonard Carmichael, PhD
1939 Gordon Willard Allport, PhD
1938 John Frederick Dashiell, PhD
1937 Edward Chace Tolman, PhD
1936 Clark Leonard Hull, PhD
1935 Albert Theodor Poffenberger, PhD
1934 Joseph Peterson, PhD
1933 Luis Leon Thurstone, PhD
1932 Walter Richard Miles, PhD
1931 Walther Samuel Hunter, PhD
1930 Herbert Sidney Langfeld, PhD
1929 Karl Lashley, PhD
1928 Edwin Garrigues Boring, PhD
1927 Harry Levi Hollingsworth, PhD
1926 Harvey A. Carter, PhD
1925 Madison Bentley, PhD
1924 Granville Stanley Hall, PhD
1923 Lewis Madison Terman, PhD
1922 Knight Dunlap, PhD
1921 Margaret Floy Washburn, PhD
1920 Shepard Ivory Franz, PhD
1919 Walter Dill Scott, PhD
1918 John Wallace Baird, PhD
1917 Robert Mearns Yerkes, PhD
1916 Raymond Dodge, PhD
1915 John Broadus Watson, PhD
1914 Robert Sessions Woodworth, PhD
1913 Howard Crosby Warren, PhD
1912 Edward Lee Thorndike, PhD
1911 Carl Emil Seashore, PhD
1910 Walter Bowers Pillsbury, PhD
1909 Charles Hubbard Judd, PhD
1908 George Malcolm Stratton, PhD
1907 Henry Rutgers Marshall, AM
1906 James Rowland Angell, MA
1905 Mary Whiton Calkins, AM
1904 William James, MD
1903 William Lowe Bryan, PhD
1902 Edmund Clark Sanford, PhD
1901 Josiah Royce, PhD
1900 Joseph Jastrow, PhD
1899 John Dewey, PhD
1898 Hugo Munensterberg, PhD
1897 James Mark Baldwin, PhD
1896 George Stuart Fullerton, MA
1895 James McKeen Cattell, PhD
1894 William James, MD
1893 George Trumbull Ladd, PhD
1892 Granville Stanley Hall, PhD

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